temperature@lert blog

  • The Answer My Friend is Blowin in the Wind - Part 2

    Is wind power ready for data centers?


    Like photovoltaics, wind power is essentially solar power.  Winds are generated through the heating and cooling of the earth.  The day night cycle has a lot to do with winds, heating makes the air less dense (low pressure) and cooling more dense (high pressure).  The pressure difference causes air to move from high to low pressure areas generating the wind.  So if there is little no difference, the winds are light, such as at sunrise and sunset which is why hot air balloons schedule their flights at these times.


    Wind can be predictable such as in Buzzard’s Bay (Massachusetts) and Nantucket Sound, ocean areas adjoining Cape Cod, MA, or unpredictable as in those lazy hazy days of summer.  And wind power can be controversial  which is why many Nantucket and Cape Cod residents are working to block the Cape Wind Project due to the fact the wind turbines will be visible from their beachfront homes.  Data Centers using wind generators would likely face similar challenges of intermittent winds and NIMBY neighbors.  But the real question is do the economics make sense for data centers?


    Certainly intermittent power will mean the data center will need an alternative power source or a connection to the local grid.  From a New York Times piece about a New Jersey data center (Link to Source), continuous electrical power use is between 25 MW to 32 MW, enough to power 15,000 US homes.  The load could be supplied by 13, 2.5 MW GE 2.5-100 generators with a continuous wind speed of 12 m/s (27 mph or 42 kph), which is quite unrealistic in New Jersey. Link to Souce  For reference, the Cape Wind Project puts the Nantucket Sound site at an average of 19.5 mph, well below the 27 mph needed but much higher than New Jersey.  With 19.5 mph winds the NJ data center would require 20 wind turbines with a straight extrapolation.  However, the output of GE’s 2.5-100 is reduced at the lower wind speed to no more than 2.0 MW, meaning the 32 MW demand would require 16 wind turbines at a steady 19.5 mph, again an unlikely scenario in New Jersey.


    One report http://www.electricitylocal.com/states/new-jersey/ puts New Jersey’s average commerical rate at $0.1278/kWh, industrial at $0.1053/kWh.  Assuming data centers negotiate among the lowest rates in the state, let’s assume a rate of $0.10/kWh. Assume a 30 MW power need, in one hour a data center would use 30MWh x $0.10/kWh x 1000 kW/MW or $3,000.00 per hour of electricity.  If we could get away with the minimum 16, 2.5MW wind turbines at a cost of $2.5 million each, the total cost would be $40 million.  At $3,000 per hour, the breakeven period would be 80 weeks. Not bad, total power self sufficiency in a little more a year and a half.  Of course the output from 16, 2.5 MW wind turbines will not be enough since there is not enough wind in Newark, for example to meet a steady demand of 19.5 mph.  But there may be in another location that has steadier, stronger winds, say rural New York, Pennsylvania or Iowa.  Then all we need is a really long extension cord called the grid.


    Of course this cursory look at economics ignores costs such as site preparation, installation, operation and maintenance, so even a 19 month payback may not be attractive.  And if a data center operator had to directly link a wind turbine array, a wind farm in today’s lexicon, to their data center the cost would be extremely prohibitive.  But what about the idea of joining forces with an existing or planned wind farm that is linked to the grid and purchasing grid power at wind farm rates. This is in fact what is going on for some.  Wind farms have become big business in rural agricultural states where locating a wind farm along with cash crops can supplement a farmer’s income, help pay for his/her power needs and help the enterprise to become profitable in poor growing years.  And rural midwest wind farms are enjoying new respect with major data center players.  


    Recently Google entered into a 20-year power purchase agreement with NextEra Energy in Illinois to supply 114 MW of electrical power to its Council Bluffs, Iowa data center complex.  In an entry into the wind power business, Google is not connected to the wind farm directly but instead the “power goes into the local grid. So Google Energy will sell the power on the regional spot market, where utilities and electricity retailers go to buy power when demand spikes and they have a shortfall. Google will use the revenue from spot market sales to buy renewable energy certificates (RECs) which will offset its greenhouse gas emissions.  Many companies buy RECs in an attempt to be carbon neutral, obtaining them from third-party brokers. But by purchasing RECs directly tied to the renewable energy it is also buying, Google is getting a bigger bang for its buck.”  Link to Source




    Map of Iowa Wind farms (Left: Link to Source) and average wind speeds for the state (Right:

    Link to Source) show how rural agricultural areas with strong, steady winds can become green electrical power regions.


    Google hopes such agreements will lead to producers building new projects, increasing renewable energy for other applications.  And because Google is now an energy seller the company can better protect itself from future price spikes.  Google’s subsidiary Google Energy was launched to help the company explore renewable energy sources for future needs and reduce their carbon emissions, a possibly intangible benefit but one that can go a long way in the market place.




    With 114 MW of power from NextEra Energy’s Story County, IL wind farm (Left Image), Google’s $1.5 billion, 1,000 acre Council Bluffs, Iowa data center (Right Image) utilizes green, renewable energy. Link to Source


    Not every data center player has the resources to experiment with renewable energy at the scale of Google. And not every energy company wants to be in the wind farm business.  Even Google lets those with the expertise and capital do that part.  But every data center has the ability to purchase renewable energy.  If other data centers can find partners like Google’s the market for renewable energy would increase investment and lower costs for wind farm operators.  This would translate to lower renewable energy prices with the bragging rights that come from reduced carbon footprint.


    For data centers that only care about lowest price per kWh, renewable energy may not fit the bill, the RoI may be too long particularly when compared to fossil fuel sources.  Certainly pure play data centers operating on low margins may find the cost extremely prohibitive.  But as more companies using hosted sites specify low carbon footprint energy, wind power may fit the bill.  At least it’s worth a serious look.  And the NIMBY crowd notwithstanding, I love to see modern wind turbines spinning in the wind’ reminds me of multi-masted tall ships sailing on the ocean. But that’s me.


    temperature, temperature monitoring, ebook

    Written By:

    Dave Ruede, Well-Versed Wordsmith

    Dave Ruede, a dyed in the wool Connecticut Yankee, has been involved with high tech companies for the past three decades. His background in chemistry and experience in a multitude of industries such as industrial chemicals and systems, pulp and paper, semiconductor fabrication, data centers, and test and assembly facilities informs his work daily. Well-versed in sales, marketing, management, and business development, Dave brings real world experience to Temperature@lert. When not crafting new Temperature@lert projects, Dave enjoys spending time with his young granddaughter, who keeps him grounded to the simple joys in life. Such joys for this wordsmith include reading prize winning fiction and non-fiction. Although a Connecticut Yankee, living for a decade in coastal California’s not too hot, not too cold climate epitomizes Dave’s favorite temperature, 75°F.

    Temperature@lert Dave Ruede

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  • Vaccine Transportation: Maintaining a Successful Cold Chain Without Reliable Electricity [Part 2]

    Keeping vaccines refrigerated when they’re delivered to the most remote parts of the world is a critical challenge that many experts have been trying to solve for decades. Dr. Harvey Rubin is one of the experts who have crafted new alternatives to address the issue.


    Energize the Chain


    Dr. Rubin is the Director of the Institute of Strategic Thread Analysis and Response at the University of Pennsylvania. Motivated by the millions of children who die from vaccine-preventable diseases every year, he and his colleagues developed an idea that materialized into a non-profit. Energize the chain has revolutionized cold chain logistics in Zimbabwe (http://www.energizethechain.org/our-team/).

    On September 27, 2014, Dr. Rubin was a speaker at an independently organized TED event (watch here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B6STcFfKFVU). During his presentation, he pointed out that there are more cellphones in the world than toothbrushes; and the industry grows exponentially, specially in the developing world. Phones work with electricity from cell towers, and Dr. Rubin explained how excessive amounts of electrical power produced from cell towers is always available, even in the most remote areas of the world.

    Energize the Chain, 2014, 2015, cell towers, cell power, refrigeration, cold chain, innovation, nonprofit, world population, developing countries, developing world, Zimbabwe, Africa, vaccine, storage

    Screenshot taken from the organization’s website homepage. Source (http://www.energizethechain.org/#)

    Dr. Rubin believed if the private (mobile phone industry) and the public sector (health ministries) established partnerships, the power from cell towers could be used to sustain vaccine refrigerators. The refrigerators could be co-located in the cell towers. Back then he realized that it was doable; the technology worked and it was available. He established his refrigeration project in Zimbabwe and so far the non-profit has installed over 110 refrigeration sites in Zimbabwe and is expanding to other countries, like India. In one year Energize the Chain vaccinated over a quarter of a million children using refrigerators run by cell power. Dr. Rubin estimates that by 2016, the nonprofit will manage to vaccinate approximately one million children.

    Energize the Chain, 2014, 2015, cell towers, cell power, refrigerator, cold chain, innovation, nonprofit, developing countries, developing world, Zimbabwe, Africa, vaccine, colocation, vaccine shelter, storage

    One of Energize the Chain’s vaccine shelters in Zimbabwe where refrigerators have been co-located in cell towers. (Source: http://www.energizethechain.org/zimbabwe/)


    Temperature monitoring technologies


    The function of the cold chain is to keep vaccines properly refrigerated throughout their journey. With difficult climates, unreliable access to electricity and poor transportation infrastructures, temperature monitoring becomes critical to ensure the success or failure of any given cold chain.

    Monitoring temperature has evolved from the process of vaccine vial monitoring (VVM) to the most recent monitoring technologies. Vaccine vial monitoring was developed in the 1980s and consisted of a sticker that changed colors when the vaccines had been exposed to temperatures out of their recommended range. Still today, VVMs are widely used in developing countries and most of their immunization programs. According to estimates from the PATH (http://sites.path.org/vpsse/cold-chain-innovations/temp-monitor/) “between 2002 and 2012, VVMs allowed health workers to recognize and replace more than 860 million doses of inactive vaccine and to deliver 1.45 billion more doses in remote settingshelping to save more than 150,000 lives and reduce morbidity for countless others.”

    The following graphics show how VVMs look like and how to read them correctly:

    Vaccine vial monitoring, VVM, monitoring, temperature, vaccine, sticker, exposure, temperature range

    (Source: http://path.org/media/slideshow-vaccine-technologies/index.php)

    Vaccine vial monitoring, VVM, monitoring, temperature, vaccine, sticker, exposure, temperature range, reading, understanding

    (Source: https://extranet.who.int/aim_elearning/en/vaccines/hepb/implement/management/10.html)


    Some of the most relevant innovations for monitoring temperature include:

    Sending alerts to mobile phones

    Monitoring devices nowadays allow users to select a specific temperature range; and the devices are programmed to send out alerts (whether it’s a phone call, a text message or even an email) to one or many people who are in charge of supervising temperature-sensitive vaccines. Temperature@lert’s Cellular Edition provides monitoring every 5, 15, or 60 minutes and sends out multiple and continuous alerts if the temperatures fall out of range. Continuous temperature reading makes it easier and more reliable to determine when and for how long vaccines have been exposed to unadvised temperatures. To learn more about the Cellular Edition visit http://www.temperaturealert.com/Wireless-Temperature-Store/ZPointCellular.aspx or call us at +1-866-524-3540.

    Monitoring, alerts, temperature, sensor, wireless, real-time, Temperature@lert, Cellular Edition, Z Point, power outages, email, phone call, text message, storage, transportation, Sensor Cloud

    Temperature@lert’s Cellular Edition. (Source: http://www.temperaturealert.com/Wireless-Temperature-Store/Temperature-Alert-WiFi-Sensor.aspx)


    Continuous monitoring without electrical power:

    In places where power outages are very common, it becomes very difficult to figure out whether the integrity of the vaccines has been compromised or not, specially if the monitoring device stops working at the same time the refrigerator does. Temperature@lert’s Cellular Edition keeps recording temperatures and sending alerts when the temperatures fall out of range for up to 24 hours after a power outage; however devices with expandable batteries are also available upon request. To learn more contact us at +1-866-524-3540 or visit: http://www.temperaturealert.com/Wireless-Temperature-Store/ZPointCellular.aspx

    The key takeaway of this series is learning how cold chain logistics play a key role in determining the effectiveness of vaccination efforts. Knowing that the inequality in terms of access and use of electricity faced by many developing countries should be addressed; and more comprehensive, practical, low-cost, and accessible solutions should be sought to deal with the challenges they face.



    Lorena Sifontes, Content Marketing Intern

    Lorena is a senior international student at Endicott College, pursuing a degree on Integrated Marketing Communications with a minor in Psychology. Born in Venezuela and raised in Panama, she has helped companies manage their social media accounts and marketing. Currently, she’s a content marketing intern at Temperature@lert, and her ideal temperature is 75°F for walking and hiking outdoors.

    Lorena Sifontes

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  • The Answer My Friend is Blowin’ in the Wind - Part 1

    Is wind power ready for data centers?


    Damn that fracking natural gas! With natural gas prices at levels last seen a decade ago thanks to fracking shale deposits, electrical utilities are building small natural gas fired generating plants to help with peak loads.  This is also good news for consumers who use natural gas for heating and cooking, and for a reduction in greenhouse gas and air pollution (Sulfur Dioxide, Mercury) emissions since natural gas produces significantly less than coal or oil.  However, because the cost of generating electricity has been reduced or stabilized, green generated electricity has to compete with a lower market price, making alternative and renewable energy return on investment (ROI) longer and projects less likely to be funded in the highly competitive, cost sensitive data centers.



    US EIA graphs showing projected increases in shale gas production and increased use by electricity generators from 1990 to 2035.  Increased supply and resulting low prices of shale generated natural gas coupled with relatively low emissions compared to coal or oil means higher consumption by electrical generators for the next two decades.


    The longer ROI has not deferred leading companies like Google and Apple from using solar, geothermal generated electricity, or fuel cells to supply their flagship data centers. Many data centers contract for green sourced electricity from the local grid to reduce their carbon footprint, but the actual electrons going through their servers is likely to be produced by coal or natural gas fired generating plants.  Earlier pieces in this series looked at these and other energy sources such as cogeneration, batteries and microturbines for data centers.  It is now time to examine wind as a useful or not so useful source for data center power.


    Wind energy has been around a long time, from propelling boats across the sea to the famous windmills we see in Holland.  Modern adaptations of these technologies have led to modern, computer generated airfoils designs to generate electricity and power sailboats.


    Dutch windmills take advantage of abundant winds in The Netherlands to mill grains. Fitted with sails, these structures could turn the wind’s energy into rotary motion to power millstones during the grinding operation. Left Image Source  Right Image Source


    Windfarm on the coast of The Netherlands (Left Image Source) can generate enough power for 10,000 households.  Interior (Right Image Source) shows mechanical and electrical components, most importantly the generator. Computer control of turbine blades for various wind conditions is crucial to safe and efficient operation.


    Wind turbines employ airfoil designs in their blades along with modern materials to make them lightweight and strong.  Thousands are in use built by major companies such as GE and Siemens as well as a host of others.  Design, manufacture, installation, operation and maintenance are all well understood.  Standing 80 meters (262 ft.) tall and fitted with 50 meter (164 ft.) rotor blades, these machines are made to pump out between 1.5 MW and 4.5 MW in a 45 km/hr (30 mph) wind and cost around $1 Million/MW (€0.8 Million/MW).  These generators are able to power 2,500 US homes when the wind is blowing, and as parents wanting to take their kids kite flying know, a steady wind is the issue.


    Part 2 of the promise of wind power will look at economics for data centers.


    temperature, temperature monitoring, ebook

    Written By:

    Dave Ruede, Well-Versed Wordsmith

    Dave Ruede, a dyed in the wool Connecticut Yankee, has been involved with high tech companies for the past three decades. His background in chemistry and experience in a multitude of industries such as industrial chemicals and systems, pulp and paper, semiconductor fabrication, data centers, and test and assembly facilities informs his work daily. Well-versed in sales, marketing, management, and business development, Dave brings real world experience to Temperature@lert. When not crafting new Temperature@lert projects, Dave enjoys spending time with his young granddaughter, who keeps him grounded to the simple joys in life. Such joys for this wordsmith include reading prize winning fiction and non-fiction. Although a Connecticut Yankee, living for a decade in coastal California’s not too hot, not too cold climate epitomizes Dave’s favorite temperature, 75°F.

    Temperature@lert Dave Ruede

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  • USB 101 Part 4: Champagne Fault Tolerance at Beer Price

    Sensor Cloud lets you know when site network or power outages stop communication.


    Most readers will remember the Great Northeast Blackout of 2003 when New York City and a huge swath of the US and Canada lost power.  It was a Thursday, August 14th when “a seemingly routine procedure enacted by the Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator set into motion a chain of events that would affect 55 million people in the Northeastern United States and Canada.” Link to Source  By the time the cascade of failures ended 55 million people in Northeast US and Canada lost power.  The error caused the failure of 508 generating units in 265 power plants.  Millions of people were stranded in NYC where traffic controls, subway and train service was shut down.  The spread stopped a little after 4:00 PM and was restored to areas beginning late that evening.  It wasn’t until Saturday morning that most people had power but several customers had to wait several days for electricity to be restored.



    Satellite image composite showing 2003 blackout area in Northeast US and Canada


    I was not affected by the 2003 outage but I do remember the first significant US blackout on Tuesday, November 9th that affected almost all New England states, New York and New Jersey as well as the province of Ontario in Canada.  Over 30 million people were without power for up to 13 hours was again caused by human error when a transmission line protective relay was set too low, tripped and caused overloads on trunk lines that were still operating, taking them down. (Link to Source) Urban legend that the blackout caused a surge in the birthrate in the affected area was debunked in 1970 when a statistical study by a demographer at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill showed it to be untrue. Anecdotes continue to promote the idea and likely will for the next few decades as those who remember have passed into memory.

    What does this have to do with a USB temperature monitoring and alerting device?  Everything.  Hopefully we won’t see a swarm of widespread outages but discrete outages occur daily if not hourly.  I recently had an unexplained outage at home that took out Verizon’s FIOS circuitry and was without internet or cable for two days. (Horrors!) And business power failures always happen at the most inopportune times.


    IT Professionals managing Small and MidSized Business (SMB) server, telecommunication and computer rooms have their hands full, and a small budget.  Unlike commercial cloud data centers with their 24/7 staff monitoring and responding to the smallest problem with an army of maintenance and technical staff, they are often the only one or one of the few tasked with keeping things running.  Even if the building has a security alarm system, most SMB’s do not monitor network or electrical power status.  And those who do will often not be monitoring environmental conditions.


    In the event of an air conditioning failure, a runaway server acting like it’s trying to heat the building, or a UPS backed server room that continues to operate when building power is interrupted, the former closet or storage room repurposed as a computer room can heat up fast, threatening, the electronics and data on these systems and business continuity.  Fortunately the latest server technology is able to withstand higher temperatures than previous versions of the technology.  Unfortunately these SMBs often have older, hotter running and often overstressed server, telecom and related IT equipment possibly mixed in with a few newer pieces.  Hopefully the elevated temperatures will trigger an automatic shutdown before equipment or data is damaged.  If not, there is a limited window before problems can occur.


    Traditional USB temperature monitoring devices relying on the company network cannot send alert or alarm messages when the network is down.  For such critical applications many customers choose Temperature@lert’s Cellular Edition that features battery back-up operation and cellular communication that make allow it to operate during site power outages.  For SMBs such capability would be very helpful, however both the price of the device as well as the monthly plan can be daunting for some companies.  So what is the option when budgets are so limited but the need exists for a fault tolerant device.


    Cellular Edition with Sensor Cloud enables fault tolerant phone call alert messages when IT equipment is endangered by elevated temperatures, Link to Left Image  Link to Right Image

    Temperature@lert’s Sensor Cloud Business Plan for USB Edition meets the need.  For less than $90 per year the USB Edition can be Sensor Cloud enabled.  This plan provides the user with a 10 minute monitoring and reporting interval to Temperature@lert’s secure, reliable Sensor Cloud service.  More importantly, Sensor Cloud can be set up to provide not only email and SMS text alerts but also voice phone call alerts.  After all, when was the last time an email or text message came in at 2:00 AM and you heard it?  The fault tolerant aspect of this powerful tool is the Missed Report (a.k.a Asset Protection) feature.  Because the Sensor Cloud server collects all data and provides a secure, user password protected web portal for access, the server can be set to let the user know when the device has not reported in when expected.  For example, if the device reports in every 10 minutes, if a report is sent at 10:20 PM on a Saturday evening, the next data is expected at 10:30 PM.  If the data is not received, the user can have their Sensor Cloud account send a Missed Report message letting the assigned IT contact know something is wrong.  If a second report is missed, another message can be sent.  By this time you have your pants and shoes on and are out the door.


    Not every SMB needs or wants such a feature.  However, it’s a low cost option that can be added at any time, so if the need arises, fault tolerant Sensor Cloud is available.  When evaluating the options for simple temperature monitoring devices, Temperature@lert’s USB Edition offers an easy to use, cost-effective, complete device.  Adding Sensor Cloud enables fault tolerant operation and escalation plan implementation.  Backed by a decade of reliable operation for thousands of customers the USB Edition makes perfect sense.


    temperature, temperature monitoring, ebook

    Written By:

    Dave Ruede, Well-Versed Wordsmith

    Dave Ruede, a dyed in the wool Connecticut Yankee, has been involved with high tech companies for the past three decades. His background in chemistry and experience in a multitude of industries such as industrial chemicals and systems, pulp and paper, semiconductor fabrication, data centers, and test and assembly facilities informs his work daily. Well-versed in sales, marketing, management, and business development, Dave brings real world experience to Temperature@lert. When not crafting new Temperature@lert projects, Dave enjoys spending time with his young granddaughter, who keeps him grounded to the simple joys in life. Such joys for this wordsmith include reading prize winning fiction and non-fiction. Although a Connecticut Yankee, living for a decade in coastal California’s not too hot, not too cold climate epitomizes Dave’s favorite temperature, 75°F.

    Temperature@lert Dave Ruede

    Full story

  • Vaccine Transportation: Maintaining a Successful Cold Chain Without Reliable Electricity [Part 1]

    What innovations have been developed to support cold chain logistics without relying on electrical access.

    After reviewing some of the consequences caused by inadequate handling and fluctuations in vaccines’ temperature in the previous article, we will now explore the new practices and innovations that have been developed to overcome different challenges, related to the transportation, monitoring, and storing of heat sensitive vaccines where the access to electricity is limited.

    Part I of this article will focus on solar-direct refrigeration technology and passive-cooled cold boxes; Part II will review the Energize the Chain project and new monitoring technologies.

    In some regions of the developing world, having access to refrigeration equipment and electricity can be seen as a luxury. Energy poverty is a great problem affecting 3 billion people around the world who lack access to adequate electricity (almost half of the world’s population). Millions of children die every year from diseases that could have been easily prevented with vaccines that already exist, but remote rural areas might not have access to the technology and electricity required to keep those vaccines at controlled temperatures.

    So therefore even when the supply of vaccines is readily available, and they get to rural villages in developing countries, the real challenge lies in keeping them from becoming inactive once they get there.  

    Coming next is a review of some of the most relevant technologies and innovations that so far have been developed to address the obstacle of developing countries without reliable access to electrical power. These technologies aim to maintain vaccines refrigerated within their temperature range without relying on electricity.


    Solar-direct refrigeration technology

    This technology evolved from electric refrigerators used in areas with insufficient power supply; electric refrigerators (a.k.a. absorption refrigerators) burn kerosene or liquid petroleum gas to keep a steady temperature range. Electric refrigerators have been around since the 80’s but have proven to be inefficient because of interruptions due to poor planning, fuel shortages, limited ice-making capacity, poor temperature control, and theft among other reasons. Despite their limitations in providing appropriate storage for vaccines, absorption refrigerators are still used in over 60% of vaccine storage locations.  

    The solar refrigerators that came soon after were first generation refrigerators that contained an industrial battery for storing solar energy, and even though some solar refrigeration projects have been successful for years, many suffered from battery system failures. If a battery replacement was not anticipated or there was no funding available, the entire system failed.

    The second generation of solar refrigerators counts with battery-free solar direct-drive technology and doesn’t require any external batteries or backup generators; they use cool storage (an “ice battery”) that’s inside the refrigerator and is able to maintain acceptable temperatures for many days even at night or during cloudy and rainy weather. The WHO has pre-qualified six different solar direct-drive refrigerators since 2010. 


    Passive-cooled cold boxes

    The most challenging part of cold chain operations, in terms of keeping temperatures steady, is probably what has been described as the “last mile”; which refers to the last stage of the delivery to its final destination. In countries like the U.S. the “last mile” usually involves trucks or vans and specific regulations, however, in developing countries the delivery of the last mile could be easily done by a person who rides a camel from town to town.

    For over four decades, developing countries have heavily relied on containers/boxes with frozen water packs used for the “last mile” transportation of vaccines. According to the World Health Organization, these boxes can be carried by humans walking, bicycles, or motorbikes.

    Regular cold boxes require ice packs or cold-water packs to keep vaccines cool; but if the temperature of the ice packs isn’t stable (0°C), there’s a great risk that vaccines will freeze; this has become a serious issue. The vaccines for tetanus toxoid, hepatitis B, pneumococcal conjugate, cholera, rotavirus, and human papillomavirus are among some of the most relevant freeze-sensitive vaccines.

    New technologies have emerged with new designs for cold boxes. One of the most successful models of passive coolers for long-term vaccine storage without electricity has been the Nano-Q™. These boxes provide up to seven days of refrigeration at outside temperatures of 32°C before the ice needs to be replaced; it uses regular ice that’s available for purchase nearby from health centers and provides easy monitoring. These passive-cooled cold boxes were part of a program in Vietnam, which yield great results: no freezing temperatures were recorded over more than 65 months of cumulative data. “Users appreciated having vaccine storage that was independent from the electrical grind, as electrical cuts are common”.

    Other models and designs of passive-cooled cold boxes have been designed, but their cold life varies between three to up to five days; the Nano-Q™ can keep vaccines refrigerated for the longest.

    The second part of this article will look into other innovations and technologies being used to ensure the efficiency of cold chain logistics without reliable access to electricity.

    When many outside factors, including efficient access to electricity, contributing to the struggle of maintaining the cold chain, the monitoring at every link of the process becomes critical and fundamental to achieving the desired results from using the vaccines. For more on monitoring temperatures even during power outages check out Temperature@lert’s Cellular Edition here http://www.temperaturealert.com/Wireless-Temperature-Store/ZPointCellular.aspx or call us at +1-866-524-3540.



    Lorena Sifontes, Content Marketing Intern

    Lorena is a senior international student at Endicott College, pursuing a degree on Integrated Marketing Communications with a minor in Psychology. Born in Venezuela and raised in Panama, she has helped companies manage their social media accounts and marketing. Currently, she’s a content marketing intern at Temperature@lert, and her ideal temperature is 75°F for walking and hiking outdoors.

    Lorena Sifontes

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  • Points To Monitor In Your Hotel: Wrap-Up

    Hawaii, hotel, hotels in Hawaii


    Whether your hotel is located on a remote tropical island, in the middle of a busy, bustling city, or nestled in the mountains, as a manager or owner, you've always got a full plate and a seemingly never ending list of chores, repairs and upkeep that need to get done in order to make sure that your guests are comfortable and carefree. On any given day, you've got a good percentage of your hundreds of rooms filled, crowded dinning rooms in your multiple restaurants at breakfast, lunch and dinner, a poolside packed with swimmers and sunbathers, leisurely lawn strollers traversing the grounds and fitness lovers pumping iron in the gym. It's an exhausting list to read, let alone manage, and perhaps, only a superhero with the ability to be in more one place at the same time would be able to take care of all the problems that can arise daily in a hotel without any help.


    As the person in charge, you know that there's so much more that goes into the running of a successful hotel than the promise of clean sheets, free WiFi and continental breakfasts for guests. You've got to constantly be thinking about staff management, energy costs, grounds upkeep and guest relations and safety, is surely a modest list of things that are running through your mind on a daily basis. So it's not hard to imagine the instantaneous headache you'd get if your hotel's power went out or the refrigeration system of your biggest kitchen failed or your hot tub wouldn't heat.

               

    Unfortunately, unforeseen disasters are something that people face in almost every industry, and not surprisingly, that includes the hospitality industry. The unprepared owner or manager will most likely spend more time reacting to problems, like the warm refrigerator or the cold hot tub, and troubleshooting complications that could have been easily avoided with the implementation of precautionary actions and aversion strategies. Critical maintenance and upkeep strategies should be no-brainer, standard practices for you and your staff, not back-up plans.



    At this point in the series, you've probably come to realize how many of your hotel's amenities and attractions are dependent on the maintenance of ideal temperatures to function seamlessly and smoothly. But on top of everything else that you're dealing with, our guess is that monitoring the temperature of specific points in your hotel, hourly, is probably the last thing you have time for, and the task can seem daunting, if not impossible. And let's be honest. Hiring someone to manually monitor critical points at the hotel around the clock is an equally unrealistic, not to mention, a costly solution. But don't throw your hands in the air in defeat just yet. You're a smart manager and you'll be damned if there's not an equally smart solution out there for you and the critical points that need monitoring at your hotel.


    Fortunately for you and your efforts to keep your hotel up and running and your guests happy, you don't have to look that far for a temperature monitoring solution that's affordable, easy-to-use and reliable. Imagine being able to save all the perishables in your kitchen's failed refrigerator because you received an alert before the food spoiled. You'd be saving yourself hundreds of dollars in product that would otherwise have to be tossed. Or think about being able to call in a spa repairman to fix the problem with your pool before you have to answer to all the angry guests who booked a room at your hotel because they wanted to spend a relaxing weekend poolside. The trouble, money, resources and  headache you could save yourself with automatic, remote and continuous monitoring systems are well worth the investment.

               

    At Temperature@lert we have a wide range of product offerings, such as WiFi, Cellular and ZPoint that are linked to the company's Sensor Cloud platform to provide you with a cost-effective solutions for your hotel, with minimum effort, whether it's a sprawling resort or a cozy inn. The Temperature@lert products and services can help to bring you peace of mind and you can rest a little easier knowing that you'll be alerted before a problem arises, not after. You want to be able to avert costly and avoidable disasters, not spend time cleaning them up. For more information about Temperature@lert's products and Sensor Cloud offerings, visit our website at http://www.temperaturealert.com/ or call us at 1-866-524-3540.


    temperature monitoring guide


    Written By:

    Kate Hofberg, Epicurean Essayist

    Temperature@lert’s resident foodie from sunny Santa Barbara, Kate Hofberg, creates weekly blog posts, manages the content database, and assists with the marketing team's projects. Balancing a love for both the west and east coast, Hofberg studied at University of California Santa Barbara, where she received a Bachelors in Communications, and Boston University, where she is currently a Masters candidate in Journalism. Before coming to Temperature@lert, Hofberg trained in her foodie ways through consumption of extremely spicy, authentic Mexican food with her three brothers and managing a popular Santa Barbara beachside restaurant. Through her training and love of great food, she brings fresh methods of cooking up content. When Hofberg is not working on Temperature@lert marketing endeavors, she serves as a weekly opinion columnist for the Boston University independent student-run newspaper, The Daily Free Press. If time permits, Hofberg enjoys long walks, reading, playing with her cat, and eating pizza. Her ideal temperature is 115°F because she loves temperatures as hot and spicy as her food.

    Kate Hofberg

    Full story

  • USB 101 Part 3: Powerful Integration Tools

    IT Professionals like to play: USB Edition offers technical hooks for customization.


    IT professionals more than those in bio/pharma/lab and food service applications tend to want to customize temperature monitoring devices for their particular operation.  After all, that’s why they’ve chosen the profession, or were chosen by the profession. Whatever. Of particular interest are features that assist in messaging as well as integration into existing systems.  For example, a temperature monitoring device may be viewed more favorably if it is capable of providing email and SMS text alerts; phone alerts may be even more desirable. Temperature@lert’s USB Edition provides a suite of integration options that meet most any need.


    The USB Edition data logging provides easy downloads in XML and text formats that can readily be turned into tables and graphs in reports for management review.  Additionally, technically inclined IT professionals can query the temperature logs instantly by simply installing Microsoft's SQL Server Management Studio to access the raw temperature logs.  The downloads section of our support site contains many useful resources for this product. You can download a complete running Visual Studio project that automatically reads the temperatures from the database and outputs them to a text log.



    Left: Installing Microsoft's SQL Server Management Studio allows IT Professionals to query the raw temperature logs instantly. Right: Temperature@lert’s support site offers downloads contains many useful resources including a complete running Visual Studio project that automatically reads the temperatures from the database and outputs them to a text log


    The USB Edition can be readily integrated into Enterprise applications.  Below are two screenshots showing tools that are ready to use for integration into company websites, etc.  Users can run custom PowerShell scripts.  The device operates on Windows 2000, XP, 2003 Server, Vista, 7, and 2008 Server.  Contact Temperature@lert for Linux Drivers.  The USB Edition includes SNMP capability for integration into Enterprise systems.



    Left: MS SQL CE log file for easy integration into company websites and other applications. Right: Configuration screen shows integrate with your existing systems via SNMP.


    Our website offers scores of customer reviews describing how customers like and use the product.  Regarding integration, one customer notes, “Temperature@lert is our 24/7 guardian watching our CRAC units. Our implementation has saved us thousands of dollars in downtime all for a few hundred dollar investment. Iíve also build some additional support apps that read the T@ logs and import the information into a DB with a web front-end that allows facilities users and other IT users direct access to the temperature in any of our rooms over a website.” (Bryan J. McMullan, Infrastructure Mgr, Litigation Management, Inc.)



    Not all IT Professionals have the time or need to customize their USB Edition, and for them the ease of installation, setup and use is very important.  For those with time and the need the USB Edition offers powerful tools for most purposes.   The final piece in this series will discuss a way to add low cost fault tolerant operation for the most critical applications.

    temperature, temperature monitoring, ebook

    Written By:

    Dave Ruede, Well-Versed Wordsmith

    Dave Ruede, a dyed in the wool Connecticut Yankee, has been involved with high tech companies for the past three decades. His background in chemistry and experience in a multitude of industries such as industrial chemicals and systems, pulp and paper, semiconductor fabrication, data centers, and test and assembly facilities informs his work daily. Well-versed in sales, marketing, management, and business development, Dave brings real world experience to Temperature@lert. When not crafting new Temperature@lert projects, Dave enjoys spending time with his young granddaughter, who keeps him grounded to the simple joys in life. Such joys for this wordsmith include reading prize winning fiction and non-fiction. Although a Connecticut Yankee, living for a decade in coastal California’s not too hot, not too cold climate epitomizes Dave’s favorite temperature, 75°F.

    Temperature@lert Dave Ruede

    Full story

  • Vaccine Transportation Series: What Limitations Affect Cold Chain Logistics?

    Millions of children die every year of preventable diseases because of the inefficient or inexistent refrigeration needed to get them vaccines that already exists.


    If after reading the first piece of this series you still find yourself wondering about the relevance this issue might have, think about this: Imagine a scenario where there’s an outbreak of a virus (like the Ebola virus disease) for which there’s no cure or vaccine yet.


    With the current outbreak of the Ebola virus, the more severely affected regions are developing countries in West Africa. According to the WHO, “The most severely affected countries, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia have very weak health systems, lacking human and infrastructural resources, having only emerged from long periods of conflict and instability”.


    ebola, health care practitioners, volunteer, virus, disease, health system, cold chain, technology, vaccine, transportation, refrigeration, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Libia, developing countries, sanitation, epidemic

    Source: http://www.nbcnews.com/


    Even though currently there are no licensed Ebola vaccines, there are 2 potential candidates undergoing evaluation according to the WHO. Imagine what might happen if the temperature during the transportation and/or storing of the experimental vaccines to treat the virus affected the results of the trials? Or more realistically, what if a cure is found and the temperature of the vaccine needs to be kept among a specific range? How would developing countries with weak health systems overcome their difficulties to control that the cold chain of the vaccines remains unbroken? What if the vaccines fall out of their recommended temperature range and are still administered to infected patients? According to a recent article from Forbes titled “The one simple but crucial technology overlooked in the fight against Ebola,” the author stated, “Temperature control will matter for both vaccines and treatments, since many of the kinds of drugs being studied for Ebola are delicate biological compounds, vulnerable to irreversible chemical changes if allowed to get too warm or if frozen”.


    Currently, the Ebola epidemic has spread in Liberia to the point where “No free beds for Ebola treatment exist anywhere in the country”. Healthcare workers are highly exposed to being infected and many have died. As of right now the country already faces the need for beds, supplies, and staff. What if on top of that we added the need for successful cold chain operations and refrigeration to treat the disease? The ultimate challenge will be getting refrigeration systems and power sources to maintain the cold chain unbroken until vaccines reach the patients.


    ebola, health care practitioners, volunteer, virus, disease, health system, cold chain, technology, vaccine, transportation, refrigeration, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Libia, developing countries, sanitation, epidemic

    Source: http://www.controversia.com.br/


    This piece will explore past events where the mishandling or bad practices during the transportation, storage or monitoring of heat-sensitive vaccines have had tragic consequences in developing countries.


     The Case of Polio in Pakistan


    As of October 3, 2014, ABC News reported 194 cases of Pakistani patients affected by polio, which is very close to their national record number of 199 in 2001 (http://abcnews.go.com/Health/wireStory/polio-cases-pakistan-edge-closer-record-25939306). Even though Polio can be easily prevented with a vaccine, Pakistanis face many challenges to prevent the disease. Besides geographical and economic barriers, many affected areas can’t be accessed by anti-polio campaigns because of the threats of Taliban militants.


    The family of a 2-year-old boy from a small village in North Waziristan shared their story with NBC News; since Taliban militants prevented the access of health workers to their village, the boy’s father and uncle chose to put themselves at great risk by smuggling the vaccine from the largest nearby town into their village in order to keep the children in their family healthy. The 16-year-old uncle said, “I was afraid but wanted to vaccinate our children at any cost”.  Even though they managed to get the 2-year-old boy a few doses of the vaccine, he contracted Polio. The potency of the Polio vaccine can be weakened if the cold chain is broken, and it was difficult for the uncle to assess whether he’d managed to keep the vaccines at a constant temperature while he transported them. In 2012, 58 Pakistani children became infected with Polio despite having properly received all doses of the vaccine.


    heat-sensitive, temperature-sensitive, Pakistan, polio, Taliban, militants, record, vaccine, cold chain, polio campaign, transportation, temperature 


    Faulty refrigeration in Honk Kong


    On September 25, 2014 a nurse noticed a faulty refrigerator at the Tuen Mun Hospital. Between September 23 and September 25, 2014 over 40 children had received BCG and hepatitis B vaccines that were being kept at a temperature of 19 degrees Celsius, due to the faulty refrigerator. The hospital expressed its apologies and assured the vaccines wouldn’t affect or harm the recipients, however, the event is still under investigation. On a press release the hospital committed to investigate the cause of the issue to prevent it from happening again.


    Thread of epidemic in flooded Kashmir


    The Indian region of Kashmir copes with a recent flooding that killed hundreds of people and affected hundreds of villages, leaving hundreds of thousands of people living in temporary shelters. The flooding (caused by days of rain and the swelling of two rivers) has raised many concerns from health-care practitioners. “There are pretty high chances of waterborne diseases and diseases due to overcrowding," said the specialist Dr. Javaid Naqishbandi.


    The risk of water-borne diseases increase with a lack of access to clean water (or chlorine tablets), dead animals floating around the streets, and the unavailability of vaccines that protect against water-borne diseases at the medical camps where people are being treated.


    Shahid Bhat is a volunteer who visited several private hospitals and medical camps looking for vaccines in response to the rising cases of gastro-enterological problems; he said, “All the hospitals said they did not have the vaccines due to lack of electricity. A vaccine needs to be refrigerated or it will get destroyed”.


    After reviewing these events, we can better understand how difficult it can be to maintain the effectiveness of vaccines when challenges arise. Whether it’s the lack of electricity that prevents the access to heat-sensitive vaccines, an inaccurate monitoring of temperature during the storage of vaccines, or when the cold chain is broken during the transportation of vaccines, developing countries face many adversities to maintain vaccines between their recommended range of 2 to 8 degrees Celsius. 


    When many outside factors, including efficient access to electricity, contribute to the struggle of maintaining the cold chain, the monitoring at every link of the process becomes critical and fundamental to achieving the desired results from using the vaccines. For more on monitoring temperatures even during power outages check out Temperature@lert’s Cellular Edition here http://www.temperaturealert.com/Wireless-Temperature-Store/ZPointCellular.aspx or call us at +1-866-524-3540.



    Lorena Sifontes, Content Marketing Intern

    Lorena is a senior international student at Endicott College, pursuing a degree on Integrated Marketing Communications with a minor in Psychology. Born in Venezuela and raised in Panama, she has helped companies manage their social media accounts and marketing. Currently, she’s a content marketing intern at Temperature@lert, and her ideal temperature is 75°F for walking and hiking outdoors.

    Lorena Sifontes

    Full story

  • Points To Monitor In Your Hotel: Hotel Grounds

    It's not surprising that guests can form their first and usually lasting impressions of the quality of your hotel establishment from the upkeep of the grounds. Online, your hotel homepage features a photomontage of lush gardens, green grounds, and perfectly manicured landscaping. The photos that illustrate dreamy sunsets, bright sunny days, and quiet mornings with romantic lighting are enough to convince almost everyone that visits your website that your hotel rivals the beauty of the Garden of Eden. In fact, the grounds of your hotel are a huge selling point, and many people choose your hotel over others simply because of your supposed attention to grounds upkeep. The hotel grounds are where guests and visitors can relax, take leisurely strolls, picnic, and enjoy the flora and fauna of the flowering gardens. And there are even more benefits of having impeccably manicured grounds. How about providing shade in hot climates, protection from strong winds and if your hotel is in a city, a haven from traffic fumes and dusts?


    You want people to step onto your grounds and be struck with the beauty of your hotel. So imagine when your guests arrive only to find that the pictures so profoundly featured on your website are nothing more than marked-up, photoshopped pictures that look nothing like the actual grounds of your hotel. Imagine the looks of disappointment when they realize that what they thought was going to be a romantic weekend getaway at your pictured equivalent of “Heaven on earth” was actually going to be little more than an overpriced stay at a glorified motel.


    While an attractive, clean and well-maintained outside appearance is usually a pretty good indicator of the commitment to high standards and cleanliness within, disregard and failure to upkeep gardens and grounds tells your guests that you aren't concerned with much other than swiping their credit card for payment. But if the upkeep of your grounds and gardens can influence whether or not a guest returns or recommends the hotel to others, it seems like a no-brainer that you would take the time to trim your shrubs and rake your leaves.

    Bali, hotel, temperature monitoring, energy savings, energy costs, plants, hotel monitoring

    Perhaps the reason that your gardens have gone from thriving to shriveling is because of the astronomical amount of your water bill and the drain of energy that the maintenance of your garden requires. But what if you learned that smart landscaping designs could not only be maintained relatively inexpensively, but could also help curb the costs of energy in other realms of your hotel as well? It's a way to kill two birds with one stone, really. Not only are you able to impress your guests with the upkeep of the outside appearance of your hotel and maintain your reputation as an ideal getaway spot, but you'll also be able to save resources and energy that could, with no doubt, be used in smarter ways in your establishment.


    In fact, according to Hotel Energy Solutions, well-designed landscaping can minimize summer heat gain in your hotel, reducing your cooling needs by 20-100 percent. It's true! How about an example? Try planting big leafy tree on the southwest or southeast side of the hotel property. Why? Because the shade that's cast by the tree will help reduce the cooling needs of the inside of your hotel and help you to maintain a comfortable temperature for your guests.

               

    Or how about instead of planting trees, shrubs, and flowers that aren't native to your hotel climate and require extra care to bloom and blossom, consider planting indigenous shrubs that need less TLC to survive. Not only will you be able to cut maintenance costs, but you'll also be saving money on energy and water resources.


    In the dead of summer when the weather is warm and the sun is bright, your guests will surely be thrilled with the shade cover that the landscaping of the hotel property offers. What else can help with summer heat? Installing open pools or fountains can help with cooling by evaporation. Also, choosing the right ground cover for the grounds can help play a role in keeping your summer guests cool and comfortable.


    These are just simple shortcut solutions that can help you in the long run with the maintenance of your property, but they're tricks that won't solve all your problems. But don't worry. We have a suggested solution for you because we know that the combined realities of spring rainfall, summer heat and potentially brutal winter temperatures can be a significant concern for the upkeep of your property. With the installation of humidity sensors and/or flood sensors you can take a big sigh of relief because they are excellent safeguards for problematic weather. Using a sustainable approach for the planning and maintenance of gardens and grounds combined with the implementation of continuous, automatic and fault tolerant temperature, humidity and/or flood sensors will help you to reduce your maintenance costs, keep your gardens growing, and show your commitment to operating a hotel that guests will want to return to for many years to come.


    temperature monitoring guide



    Sources:

    1. advancedEnergy.org
    2. http://hotelenergysolutions.net/content/ee-protect-building-extreme-temperatures


    Written By:

    Kate Hofberg, Epicurean Essayist

    Temperature@lert’s resident foodie from sunny Santa Barbara, Kate Hofberg, creates weekly blog posts, manages the content database, and assists with the marketing team's projects. Balancing a love for both the west and east coast, Hofberg studied at University of California Santa Barbara, where she received a Bachelors in Communications, and Boston University, where she is currently a Masters candidate in Journalism. Before coming to Temperature@lert, Hofberg trained in her foodie ways through consumption of extremely spicy, authentic Mexican food with her three brothers and managing a popular Santa Barbara beachside restaurant. Through her training and love of great food, she brings fresh methods of cooking up content. When Hofberg is not working on Temperature@lert marketing endeavors, she serves as a weekly opinion columnist for the Boston University independent student-run newspaper, The Daily Free Press. If time permits, Hofberg enjoys long walks, reading, playing with her cat, and eating pizza. Her ideal temperature is 115°F because she loves temperatures as hot and spicy as her food.

    Kate Hofberg

    Full story

  • USB 101 Part 2: The Power of a Ready to Use Temperature Monitor

    Self-directed sensor integration is great, but is it cost-effective, robust, and proven?


    The market for temperature monitoring devices in server, telecom and IT rooms offers hundreds of choices that vary in price, design, and ease of setup and use.  So when an IT professional needs to monitor the temperature of their facility what do they choose?  The answer is, “It depends.”  It depends on the budget, time ones has to look at every and all options, the equipment or area to be monitored, technical wherewithal to integrate the device, alerting and reporting requirements, and reputation in the market.


    But what does one do when they want a ready to use, temperature monitoring and alerting that can be configured to work in minutes, send out one or multiple email alerts, and is able to be configured for SMS text alerts?  Temperature@lert’s USB Edition provides this and more, helping reduce setup and custom configuration time compared to low cost options.


    The USB Edition comes with it’s own ready to use software, so installing and configuring the device is easy.  For email alerts when temperatures exceed user defined levels is simple using the built in SMTP configuration screen (below). Temperature@lert can even provide a secure SMTP outbound email server if one is not available.



    USB Edition Configuration screenshot showing alert email address and SMTP server setup.  High and low temperature alarm levels and alert frequency are also defined here.  SSL/TSL encryption can also be specified from this screen.


    The USB Edition software provides graphic screens displaying temperature history on a chart in user selected Fahrenheit or Celsius units.  Users can quickly adjust zoom levels to examine data more closely with a point and click tool (bottom right of graph).  When the next reading is scheduled if temperatures exceed user set levels, 75°F in this case, the temperature reading and graphic on left side of the graph changes from white to yellow and the thermometer image above shows an out of specification warning, the universal NO symbol of a red circle with a slash.  Concurrently, and email message is sent to those set by the user in the setup process alerting them that there is a temperature excursion and action is needed.



    Temperature graph displays show normal (left) and alert (right) conditions displayed by the USB Edition’s software program which is included in the device price.


    Another standard feature of the USB Edition’s software is the automatic shutdown option.  If the USB Edition is plugged into a computer or server that must be protected from damage due to extreme temperatures, the software allows the user to shut down the computer or server automatically to prevent damage.  The user can set the interval before the device is shut down to allow technicians to correct the cause of the condition. This option can be extremely valuable for mission critical equipment.


    Shut down screen shot lets user define time to disable mission critical electronics.



    "It is so important to monitor our IT department server room equipment for out of boundary temperatures which can damage or shorten the life of costly network and server  equipment. The USB Temperature@lert device has helped by alerting us via email at the time the temperature exceeds our set limits." Jim Isom, Network Specialist @ CG&FS


    Selecting a simple USB temperature monitoring and alerting device can be challenging.  Depending on their workload, which is generally excessive, IT professionals may not have the time to program their own temperature sensors to enable them to be robust monitoring and alarm devices.  Temperature@lert’s USB Edition provides a robust, proven complete package ready to use.  Thousands of these devices are in use in Small and MidSized Business (SMB) server, telecom and computer rooms worldwide.   Additionally the device provides additional hooks and features that IT professionals can use to customize the operation and integrate it into enterprise systems; more about that in the next piece in this series.


    For additional information visit: http://www.temperaturealert.com/Wireless-Temperature-Store/Temperature-Alert-USB-Sensor.aspx.



    Written By:

    Dave Ruede, Well-Versed Wordsmith

    Dave Ruede, a dyed in the wool Connecticut Yankee, has been involved with high tech companies for the past three decades. His background in chemistry and experience in a multitude of industries such as industrial chemicals and systems, pulp and paper, semiconductor fabrication, data centers, and test and assembly facilities informs his work daily. Well-versed in sales, marketing, management, and business development, Dave brings real world experience to Temperature@lert. When not crafting new Temperature@lert projects, Dave enjoys spending time with his young granddaughter, who keeps him grounded to the simple joys in life. Such joys for this wordsmith include reading prize winning fiction and non-fiction. Although a Connecticut Yankee, living for a decade in coastal California’s not too hot, not too cold climate epitomizes Dave’s favorite temperature, 75°F.

    Temperature@lert Dave Ruede

    Full story

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